Houston Ulnar Nerve Entrapment Treatment
Ulnar Nerve Entrapment occurs when the ulnar nerve becomes compressed. Anatomically, the ulnar nerve passes through a tunnel (cubital tunnel) behind the inside of the elbow. The nerve can be felt through the skin at the point of the elbow which is commonly called the “funny bone”. When the ulnar nerve goes into the hand, it travels through another tunnel (Guyon’s canal). The ulnar nerve provides sensation to the pinky and half of the ring finger, as well as controls most of the muscles in the hand that help with fine movements.
Symptoms of Cubital Tunnel Syndrome
- Numbness and tingling in the ring and little finger are commonly associated with this condition (may become worse when the elbow is bent – such as when driving or talking on the phone).
- Weakness in grip strength and difficulty with finger coordination (such as typing or playing an instrument).
Cubital tunnel syndrome results when the elbow is repetitively bent, placing continuous stress on the ulnar nerve. It may also result from regular pressure on the bony part of the elbow, such as leaning the elbow on a hard surface.
A physical examination of the arm is performed in order to check the nerve and try to determine where the nerve is compressed. If the nerve is irritated as a result of compression, tapping over the nerve at the “funny bone” can cause a shock into the little and ring fingers. Nerve tests will then be recommended in order to confirm the diagnosis.
Treatment of Cubital Tunnel Syndrome
Unless symptoms are severe or there is muscle weakness, nonsurgical treatment Is recommended and may include:
- Minimize use of the arm with the elbow in a bent position.
- Refrain from leaning on the elbow or putting pressure on the inside of the arm.
- Maintaining the elbow in a straight position while sleeping.
If conservative treatment fails to provide relief, or if there is muscle weakness, surgery to relieve pressure on the nerve may be recommended.