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The Arthroscope

The arthroscope is an instrument with a tube (about the size of a small pencil) that contains a miniaturized TV camera and fiber optic light system. It can be inserted into a joint through tiny incisions to complete a variety of surgical procedures. The camera attached to the arthroscope displays the image of the joint on a television screen, allowing the surgeon to look, for example, throughout the knee. This lets the surgeon see the cartilage, ligaments, and under the kneecap. The surgeon can determine the amount or type of injury and then repair or correct the problem, if it is necessary. Arthroscopy has made a major difference in the diagnosis and treatment of most knee and shoulder conditions. The word arthroscopy comes from two Greek words, “arthro” (joint) and “skopein” (to look). The term means “to look within the joint.”


Although clinical evaluation, x-ray, CAT-Scan, MRI, and blood tests are very useful, the arthroscope is often the most sensitive and accurate diagnostic instrument. The inside of nearly all joints can be viewed with an arthroscope, however, six joints are most frequently examined with this instrument. These include the knee, shoulder, elbow, ankle, hip, and wrist. As advances are made in fiberoptic technology and new techniques are developed by orthopedic surgeons, other joints may be treated more frequently in the future.


Until the advent of arthroscopic surgery, knee operations usually involved major surgery- leaving patients with a large, unsightly scar and a prolonged, painful recovery. Today, most problems are handled with the arthroscope through minimal incisions- which leads to a quicker, less painful recovery. Sometimes arthroscopic surgery will need to be combined with a regular incision. However, most of the benefits of arthroscopy won’t be lost. Since much of the work can be done arthroscopically, this allows the incision to be smaller and more cosmetically satisfactory.knee injury

Arthroscopic Latarjet Procedures

Because of the dedication of Dr. Michael S. George, KSF Orthopaedic Center is proud to offer the revolutionary Arthroscopic Latarjet Procedure. Recently developed in France, the procedure is performed for patients with recurrent instability of the shoulder. When the shoulder repeatedly comes out of the socket, trauma occurs as the socket wears away and there is no longer enough bone in the socket to hold the joint. Dr. George is one of the few surgeons in the country who has the expertise and experience to perform the procedure, which has many potential advantages over an open procedure.



This website may contain general information relating to various medical conditions and their treatment. Such information is provided for informational purposes only and is not meant to be a substitute for advice provided by a doctor or other qualified healthcare professional. Patients should not use the information contained herein for diagnosing a health or fitness problem or disease. Patients should always consult with a  doctor or other healthcare professional for medical advice or information about diagnosing and treatment. 

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